In my last post on Mary as the New Eve, I focused on Genesis 3:15. This time we go to the other end of the Bible to look at Revelation 12, which in many ways is a recapitulation of the events in the Garden.
And a great portent appeared in heaven, a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; she was with child and she cried out in her pangs of birth, in anguish for delivery.
And another portent appeared in heaven; behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems upon his heads. His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven, and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bear a child, that he might devour her child when she brought it forth; she brought forth a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne, and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which to be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.
Chapter 12 continues, but this is sufficient to make my main points. Once again we have three figures at play: a woman, her offspring, and the serpent. Just a couple of verses later the serpent is explicitly identified as Satan. The male child who is to “rule all the nations” is clearly Christ. That would make the woman Christ’s mother.
The rest of Revelation 12 goes on to describe the “enmity” between the serpent and the woman with her child. Given this particular set of images, it seems certain that the author had Genesis 3 in mind.
The implication, therefore, is that Mary is the woman of redemption as Eve is the woman of the fall. In other words, Mary is the New Eve.